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Fast facts on Osteoporosis
 
     Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bones become weak (porous) and can break from a minor fall. Certain people are more likely to develop osteoporosis than others.
Being female Older age Family history of osteoporosis or broken bones
Low calcium intake Inactive lifestyle Smoking
Low vitamin D intake   Alcohol abuse
Being small and thin Certain medications such as steroid medications, some anticonvulsants Certain diseases and conditions such as anorexia nervosa, rheumatoid arthritis
Osteoporosis
 
Symptoms
 
     People cannot feel their bones getting weaker. They may not know that they have osteoporosis until they break a bone. Women can lose up to 20 percent of their bone mass in the five to seven years after menopause, making them more susceptible to osteoporosis.
 
Diagnosis Diagnosis - Dexa machine
 
     The only sure way to determine bone density and fracture risk for Osteoporosis is to have a bone mass measurement (also called bone mineral density or BMD test).
 
Who should get tested?
 
     All women aged 65 and older regardless of risk factors
     Younger postmenopausal women with one or more risk factors
     Postmenopausal women who present with fractures (to confirm the diagnosis and determine disease severity).
 
Prevention
 
Together the following five steps can optimize bone health and help prevent osteoporosis: Prevention
     All women aged 65 and older regardless of risk factors
     Younger postmenopausal women with one or more risk factors
     Postmenopausal women who present with fractures (to confirm the diagnosis and determine disease severity).    
     Younger postmenopausal women with one or more risk factors
     Postmenopausal women who present with fractures (to confirm the diagnosis and determine disease severity).
 
Treatment
 
Prevention is the best cure, although there are medications to control the progression of bone thinning. You can discuss these medications with your doctor.